goto CRA home page
california redwood association

   homeowners    builders    merchants    forests   reference

| redwood | forests | wildlife

w i l d l i f e
c o n s e r v a t i o n
i n   t h e
r e d w o o d
r e g i o n



Unlike many wood species, redwood is harvested primarily from privately-owned land. This makes redwood lumber companies the guardians of the birds, animals and fish that live on their property. It is a role that they take seriously. In fact, the industry employs more biologists than foresters.
An example is The Pacific Lumber Company’s (PALCO’s) unique and successful fisheries program which has won a Wildlife Stewardship Award from the American Forest & Paper Association. PALCO is working in voluntary cooperation with the California Department of Fish and Game, the Humboldt Fish Action Council, the California Conservation Corps, as well as other groups .
So far, PALCO’s program has released more than 750,000 salmon and steelhead into streams, and it has opened up more than 30 miles of in-stream habitat for migrating fish.
PALCO fisheries biologist explains, “Since the early 1990’s, we have been fertilizing and incubating fish eggs at our Yager fish hatchery. The salmon and steelhead are then placed in rearing ponds, and most are released into local streams when they are between six and nine inches long.”
Habitat is also carefully monitored and evaluated. This process includes watershed analysis, biological sampling, and identifying potential erosion and sediment problems and ways to prevent adverse environmental impacts.
Foresters have learned from experts how to harvest trees in order to minimize erosion on the hillsides and to keep streams clear of silt.
Much work has also been done to stabilize banks, install stream structures to create spawning pools, dredge existing silt and construct fish ladders to help salmon and steelhead return to their spawning beds.
A regional director of the National Marine Fisheries Service recently inspected the program and enthused, “This is the way to go. We have to get beyond seeing it as loggers vs. fishermen vs. government.” In fact, the Service has made PALCO’s program a model for other communities.
Permits for logging are scrutinized by the State to ensure that wildlife is adequately protected. The PALCO fisheries program is only one example of how the redwood industry has taken regulations far beyond the legal requirements to create widely-praised, long- term habitat conservation programs.

this page last updated: April 02, 2004